Ankle Joint

Ankle Joint

*Introduction:- ~This is a synovial joint of hinge variety. ~the bony architecture of ankle joint :- tibia,fibula,talus and calcaneum *Articular surfaces:- ~Upper articular surface~inferior articular surface~superior articular surface *Upper articular surface:- ~the upper articular surface is fored by:-~the lower end of the tibia including the medial malleolus.~the lateral malleouls of… Continue reading

Internal oblique muscle :-

Internal oblique muscle :- Muscle detail :- a muscle in the abdominal wall that lies below the external oblique and just above the transverse abdominal muscles . Origin :- Inguinal ligament, Iliac crest and the Lumbodorsal fascia. Insertion :- Linea alba, Pectineal Line of Pubis (via Conjoint tendon) and ribs… Continue reading

External Oblique muscles :-

External Oblique muscles :- Muscle details :- is the largest and the most superficial (outermost) of the three flat muscles of the lateral anterior abdomen. Origin :- Ribs 5-12 . Insertion :- Xiphoid Process, Outer Lip of the Iliac crest, Pubic Crest, Pubic tubercle, Linea alba, Inguinal Ligament, Anterior Superior… Continue reading

Quadratus lumborum muscle :-

Quadratus lumborum muscle :- Muscle details :- a muscle of the posterior abdominal wall. It is the deepest abdominal muscle and commonly referred to as a back muscle. It is irregular and quadrilateral in shape and broader below than above. Origin :- Posterior border of iliac crest . Insertion :-… Continue reading

Rectus abdominis muscle :-

Rectus abdominis muscle :- muscle details :- also known as the “abdominal muscle” or “abs”, is a paired muscle running vertically on each side of the anterior wall of the human abdomen, as well as that of some other mammals. Origin :- Crest of pubis . Insertion :- costal cartilages… Continue reading

Transverse abdominal muscle :-

Transverse abdominal muscle :- Muscle details :- a muscle layer of the anterior and lateral (front and side) abdominal wall which is deep to (layered below) the internal oblique muscle. It is thought by most fitness instructors to be a significant component of the core. Origin :- Iliac crest, inguinal… Continue reading