Use of Electrical Stimulation in Physiotherapy

Introduction:- ~Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NEMS) is the use of electrical stimuli on a group of muscles with the objective of rehabilitating the injured muscle or stroke-affected area. ~Helps restore muscle function. ~Help reduce muscle spasm and pain.~Minimizes muscle atrophy.~Highly effective for muscles weakened from stroke or injury.~Improves damaged tissue.~Considered safe… Continue reading

Use of SWD in Physiotherapy

Use of SWD in Physiotherapy

*Introduction:- SWD *Defination:- ~short wave means the application of high frequency electrical energy to the body tissues in order to bring physiological and therapurtic effect ,this effect can be achieved by thermal or non thermal effect. Short Wave Diathermy Machine ~Diathermy is a therapeutic treatment most commonly prescribed for   muscle… Continue reading

extensor digitorum muscle :-

Extensor digitorum muscle :- Muscle details :- The extensor digitorum muscle (also known as extensor digitorum communis) is a muscle of the posterior forearm present in humans and other animals. It extends the medial four digits of the hand. Extensor digitorum is innervated by the posterior interosseous nerve, which is… Continue reading

Abductor pollicis brevis muscle :-

Abductor pollicis brevis muscle :-

Thenar eminence muscle :- Abductor pollicis brevis muscle :- Muscle details :- The abductor pollicis brevis is a flat, thin muscle located just under the skin. It is a thenar muscle, and therefore contributes to the bulk of the palm’s thenar eminence. Origin :- the flexor retinaculum of the hand,… Continue reading

pronator quadratus muscle :-

pronator quadratus muscle :-

Pronator quadratus muscle :- Muscle details :- a square shaped muscle on the distal forearm that acts to pronate (turn so the palm faces downwards) the hand. Origin :- Lower quarter of anteromedial shaft of ulna . Insertion :- Lower quarter of anterolateral shaft of radius and some interosseous membrane… Continue reading

Flexor pollicis longus muscle :-

Flexor pollicis longus muscle :-

Flexor pollicis lontgus muscle :- Muscle details :- a muscle in the forearm and hand that flexes the thumb. Origin :- Middle anterior surface of the radius and the interosseous membrane. Insertion :- Palmar aspect of the base of the distal phalanx of thumb . Nerve supply :- Anterior interosseous… Continue reading

Flexor digitorum profundus :-

Flexor digitorum profundus :-

Flexor digitorum profundus :- Muscle details :- a muscle in the forearm of humans that flexes the fingers (also known as digits). Origin :- Medial olecranon, upper three quarters of anterior and medial surface of ulna as far round as subcutaneous border and narrow strip of interosseous membrane . Insertion… Continue reading

Flexor carpi ulnaris muscle :-

Flexor carpi ulnaris muscle :-

  Flexor carpi ulnaris :- Muscle details :- the flexor carpi ulnaris muscle has an additional attachment point on the head of the ulna. Origin :- medial epicondylar of humerus .– medial aspect of olecranon process and posterior border of ulna . Insertion :- pisiform bone ; insertion prolonged to… Continue reading

Flexor digitorum superficialis muscle :-

Flexor digitorum superficialis muscle :-

Flexor digitorum superficialis muscle :- Muscle details :-   It is in the anterior compartment of the forearm. It is sometimes considered to be the deepest part of the superficial layer of this compartment . Origin :- Humeroulnar head: medial epicondyle of the humerus via the common flexor tendon, medial… Continue reading