Sarvāṅgāsana Sanskrit: or Shoulderstand, or more fully Salamba Sarvāṅgāsana (Supported Shoulderstand),is an inverted āsana in hatha yoga.
Many named variations exist, including with legs in lotus position and Supta Konasana with legs wide apart, toes on the ground.
Sarvaṅgāsana has been nicknamed “queen” or “mother” of all the asanas.
Shoulderstand is entered from a supine position with the knees bent. The shoulders may be supported on folded blankets, and the upper arms may be held in with a belt just above the elbows. Beginners may lift with bent legs, advanced users with straight legs. The back is supported by the hands: once up, the hands reach lower down the trunk towards the head, and the trunk is lifted further; the legs may then be straightened to a vertical position.
The posture may be entered from Halasana (plough), moving to a cycle of poses such as Karnapidasana (ear pressing pose) with the knees bent close to the head and grasped by the arms; or to Parsva Halasana (sideways plough) with the body vertical, the trunk twisted to one side, and legs out straight with the feet touching the ground (to that side); to Supta Konasana, with the legs spread as wide as possible, the fingertips grasping the big toes; or Parsva Sarvangasana, an advanced pose, with both legs leaning to one side; and Urdhva Padmasana in Sarvangasana, with the legs in lotus position .
Salamba Sarvangasana may be performed on a strong and stable chair, with the legs resting on the chair back, the body supported by a folded blanket on the chair’s seat, and the shoulders and neck supported on a bolster on the ground. The hands may grasp the back legs of the chair to open the chest. The pose is entered by sitting astride the chair facing the back, lifting the legs on to the back, holding the chair and leaning back, then sliding down until the head reaches the ground. The pose is exited by bending the legs and sliding down carefully.
Lie down on your back straight.
Breathe in and breathe out, lift your both legs in the upward direction.
Stop at that point when both legs make a 90-degree angle with the floor.
Make the Uttanpadasana Posture.
While exhaling lift your waist; push your legs back over the head.
Use your both hands for supporting waist.
Get your legs, back, and waist in one straight line.
Stretch your toes towards the sky, keep your eye on your toes.
Hold the position for some time, keep normal breathing.
Slowly get back to initial position.
Repeat this for three to four times.
Thyroid gland :-
The shoulderstand yoga pose is good for the healthy functioning of pituitary, pineal, kidney, liver, spleen and testes. Thus, it regulates the functions of all the glands of the body.
Invigorates circulatory system:-
The asana is good in case of circulatory system, respiratory system and digestive system.
It enhances the supply of blood to the head region and good for managing headache and migraine.
It has cooling effect to the nerves, thus beneficial for high blood pressure patient.
It is good for insomnia patient as it facilitates blood supply to this region.
It seems to be panacea for constipation patient. Person suffering from constipation should practice it regularly.
It stimulates the intestinal and stomach glands thus good for ulcer in these region.
It enhances supply of blood in the head region and prevents hair fall.
The yoga pose is beneficial in case of sexual problems such as frequent abortions, leucorrhoea, syphilis, etc.
It helps in burning of fat.
It is good for eye vision.
It helps to prevent wrinkles, pimples and delay aging.
Neck, Shoulder .
Sarvangasana precautions :-
The shoulderstand yoga pose has contraindications and side effects. Some of the cautions of Sarvangasana are being mentioned below.
The asana shouldn’t be performed by those who have high blood pressure.
Avoid this asana during menstruation.
Having experiencing spinal problems, skip this asana.
Don’t practice in case of glaucoma, acute thyroid problems, chronic neck conditions, shoulder injuries and retina problems.
It should be avoided by those who have heart problems, middle ear problem, capillary, weak age, spondylosis, and Slip disc.
Consult your physician before doing the Sarvangasana if you have any of the following health conditions: pregnancy, menstruation, high blood pressure, heart problem, glaucoma, slip disc, spondylosis, neck pain and acute thyroid problem.