External Oblique muscles :-

External Oblique muscles :-

Muscle details :-

is the largest and the most superficial (outermost) of the three flat muscles of the lateral anterior abdomen.

Origin :-

Ribs 5-12 .

Insertion :-

Xiphoid Process, Outer Lip of the Iliac crest, Pubic Crest, Pubic tubercle, Linea alba, Inguinal Ligament, Anterior Superior Iliac Spine (ASIS).

Nerve :-

Thoracoabdominal nerves (T7-11) and Subcostal nerve (T12).

Actions :-

Flexion of the torso and Contralateral rotation of torso . internal oblique muscle

Function :-

Besides twisting the trunk of the body, the external oblique muscles are also responsible for movement of the spine. Movements involving the spine include:

  • Pulling the spine forward as the external oblique contracts (crunches or sit-ups)
  • Stabilizing the core
  • Moving the spine in any direction

Other functions of the external obliques are:

  • Pulling the chest downward to compress the abdomen
  • Supporting the abdominal wall
  • Assisting with forced expiration in breathing
  • Bending from side to side
Stabilizing the core exercise 
Bending from side to side  exercise 

Symptoms :-

Chronic sneezing and coughingSitting in one place for a long timeLifting heavy materials or tools

Shooting pain in the lower chest regionPain in the side of the abdomen when bending or twistingMuscle weaknessSwellingBruisingPain when laughing, sneezing, coughing, or breathing deep .


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About vastralphysiotherapyclinic

Physiotherapist , Samarpan Physiotherapy Clinic, Vastral, Nirant Cross Road, Ahmedabad

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